Temperature and Speed for Bacterial Fermentation

Reginald SmithMaking Vinegar, Microbiology0 Comments

Much of the food we love to ferment is fermented by bacteria. Obviously vinegar, which my company is dedicated to, is a prime example with several families of acetic acid bacteria contributing depending on the method of vinegar fermentation, acidity, and starter alcohol. For a variety of fermented foods, however, lactic acid fermentation by various lactic acid bacteria is primary. … Read More

Mother of Vinegar: Healthy and Probiotic? A Difficult Question Explored

Reginald SmithAll About Vinegar, Health & Wellness, Mother of Vinegar0 Comments

White wine mother

As a vinegar manufacturer, it is my job to be ‘hip’ on the trends and demand in the market for vinegar, not just in the USA but globally. One of the biggest trends to shake up the vinegar industry in the last 10-15 years is the popularity of raw and unfiltered vinegar, usually with copious amounts of mother of vinegar … Read More

What does it mean to measure vinegar with ‘grains’?

Reginald SmithAll About Vinegar, Uncategorized, Vinegar History, Vinegar Industry0 Comments

As vinegar’s industrialization spread globally in the early 20th century industry terminology became standardized. In particular, it was found that the sale of vinegar was confusing without a standard nomenclature for the strength of the vinegar. Percent acidity is the commonly known term for vinegar strength. Percent acidity is measured in grams of acetic acid per 100 mL of water … Read More

A short history of vinegar in pre-modern Korea

Reginald SmithKorean Vinegars, Regional Vinegars, Uncategorized, Vinegar History0 Comments

Korea has an old vinegar culture dating back over a thousand years. While Korean vinegar history has been less thoroughly documented, especially in English, there are many references to recipes and processes for manufacturing of vinegar as well as culinary and medicinal uses. The Joseon Dynasty (1392-1897), was the period of the flowering of the Korean culture and the establishment … Read More

Acetic Acid Bacteria – Function and Classification

Reginald SmithAll About Vinegar0 Comments

While some people know vinegar is a product of fermentation, even fewer know that bacteria, not yeast, is the essential agent. Acetic acid bacteria—the general term for vinegar fermenting bacteria—are present throughout our environment especially in fruits. They long ago evolved to survive not only by metabolizing simple sugars (i.e. glucose) but the alcohol ethanol. Acetic acid is a waste … Read More

MOOO! What is whey vinegar?

Reginald SmithAll About Vinegar, Whey Vinegar1 Comment

When you think of vinegar, apple cider, wine, balsamic, or spirit/alcohol/white distilled are likely the first to come to mind. However, with vinegar there are always so many possibilities since anything with sugar can ferment to alcohol and anything with alcohol can ferment to vinegar. It would shock many people to know vinegar can come from milk, but milk has … Read More

Giants of Vinegar History: Dessaux Fils of Orléans

Reginald SmithScions of Vinegar, Vinegar History0 Comments

  The history of vinegar in France, Orléans in particular, has played a large role in the history of vinegar. The artisan vinegar makers of Orléans waxed large in the ancién regime but later began to fade as both free market liberalization and industrialization took their toll. However, amongst these would emerge several companies that not only survived the changing … Read More

Jacques François Demachy and the ‘piss vinegar’ legend

Reginald SmithVinegar History0 Comments

Likely the first technically inclined manual on vinegar production was Art du Vinaigrier or “Art of the Vinegar Maker”, written in French by the French chemist Jacques François Demachy in the year 1780. At the twilight of the ancien régime, Demachy wrote a comprehensive treatise on vinegar incorporating both common practice from various countries, including France, as well as the … Read More